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The Pequod
Dr Alistair Brown
Associate lecturer in English Literature; researching video games and literature

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Through exploring the psychopathology of Capgras syndrome, in which a patient mistakes a loved one for an imposter, The Echo Maker offers a sustained meditation on the ways in which we project our own problems onto other people. As a reflection on the mysteries of consciousness, the novel offers some interesting if not especially new insights into the fuzzy boundaries between scientific and literary interpretations of the mind. Read more

How to Cite this Website

This page explains how to cite a website like The Pequod should you use material from it in your own writing or work. You can read more about plagiarism, including some real-life examples, on the page Plagiarism: Why it Matters and How to Avoid It.

Why Citation Matters

Why does it matter if you re-use material from this website in your own work, without making clear that it came from The Pequod? One simple answer is that it is illegal: by using this website, you agree to the terms of its Copyright, which establish that you may not re-use material without stating that it originated from The Pequod. If you have found The Pequod useful enough that you want to re-use it in your own work, then you ought to be willing to respect the wishes of me, the author, who put time and energy into writing it in the first place.

There are several other reasons, why it is important to cite this website so as to avoid accusations of plagiarism. You can read more about plagiarism, and why correct referencing matters, on the Plagiarism: Why it Matters and How to Avoid It page.

How to Cite a Website

Websites and other digital media are increasingly used in academic and other work. However, because electronic media are evolving so fast, the rules about the correct way to reference a website tend to vary depending on your institution, and whichever style guide you are using in your work.

Almost all of the references used on this site conform to the MLA guidelines, but there are a variety of styles you may use for citation. The layout for three of the major ones is given below:

The Pequod. "Title of the Article/Page. The Pequod. http://www.thepequod.org.uk/pagename.htm (accessed month, dd, yyyy).
"Title of the Article/Page." The Pequod. dd mon.m yyyy. dd mon. yyyy <http://www.thepequod.org.uk/pagename.htm>.
"Title of the Article/Page", The Pequod, (published online mon. yyyy) <http://www.thepequod.org.uk/pagename.htm>, accessed dd mon. yyyy

When citing a website it is important to give two dates because, unlike a printed book, the content may change regularly. The first date you should give is when the page was published or last updated. On many websites, including The Pequod, this can often be found by looking at the very bottom of the page. The second date should be the date you last accessed the site.

Of course, when using material from any source, you should ensure you comply with the Copyright rules.

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More Information

The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Gibali, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of American, 2003.
Ritter, R.M., ed. The Oxford Manual of Style. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

You may also find Dr. Abel Scribe's Guides to Research Style and Documentation useful. These are pared down, online versions of several of the major style guides. The site can be found at www.docstyles.com. An abbreviated version of the citation rules in the Chicago Manual of Style is also available online.

Bibliographic software will automatically format citations for you; you can read a review of four such bibliographic options on this site.

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A Word of Warning

Whereas physically-published books and journals usually go through rigorous processes of editing and proof-reading, this is not always the case for websites (including this one). As a result, although the Internet can be a wonderful research tool, it is important that you remain aware of the reliability (or not) of online sources. Ways of being more certain about the accuracy of information include:

Independent websites like this one may prove useful, often contributing radical ideas which might not otherwise get circulated. However, with no system of external moderation (other than the comments made by its users), it is important that you double-check any raw information (although not subjective opinions) obtained here with a second source, preferably one of the above.

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Your Comments on "How to Cite this Website"

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This page was published on September 16, 2008 | Keywords: citation, plagiarism, referencing, mla style

The content of this website is Copyright © 2016 using a Creative Commons Licence. One term of this copyright policy is that plagiarism is theft. If you use information from this website in your own work, you should use the correct citation.

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